Mirza-Ghalib.. an unforgettable memory (Poet)
"ek woh the jo khusi ki talash me mar jate the,
ek hum hai jo gham-e-zindagi mein jiye ja rahe hai. "
" एक वोः थे जो खुशी कि तलाश में मर जाते थे,
एक हम है जो गम-ए-ज़िन्दगि मे जिये जा रहे है "
Famous for his heart rending poetry, Mirza-Ghialib was also the father of Urdu prose. He has written beautiful, melodious ghazals that are loved and heard even today because of their and emotion, Which can felt and empathized by anyone who understands the intricacies of the language, His best works have been translated into several Indian as well as foreign languages, For the world to enjoy.
The early years born as Asad Ullah Khan in 1797 in Agra. Mirza- Ghalib was his pen name. His father Abdullah Baig died in battle, When little Ghalib was just 5 years old. Ghalib was married to Nawab Ali Baksh khan’s daughter Umro- Begum, At the age of 13. After a few years he shifted from Agra to Delhi. His wife gave birth to seven children but unfortunately, Not one survived. He adopted a nephew, Who was also snatched by the hands of death at the prime age of his life.
This broke Ghalib’s heart and he was moved to write an elegy to commemorate his life and death. Ghalib was talented and self taught. He participated in many Mushairas (poetry sessions) in Lucknow and Calcutta and acknowledged as a poet of high standing.
"Nukta chii hai gam e dil,ke sunaya na bane
kya baat bane wahan,jahan baat banye na bane….
ishq par zor nahi hai yeh woh attish galib
jo lagaye na lage bhujhaye na bane…."
"नुकताचिन है गम-इ-दिल, के सुनाये न बने
क्या बात बने वहां जहाँ बात बनाए न बने
इश्क पर जोर नहीं है येः वोह अत्तिश ग़ालिब
जो लगाये न लगे भुझाये न बुझे"
Despite being a Shia-Muslim, He believed in humanity as a whole, Rather than different sects. He loved as aristocratic and morally upright human being. He was admired by both Hindus and Muslims and was warm, Witty and wonderful.
He had a great sense of self-respect and was known to have refused a job because he was not properly greeted.
After Zauq, Mirza- Ghalib was honoured with the position of court poet to Bahadur- Shah. Even though he was an old man, He was still witty and the king of enjoyed his words and words .he was quick to pick up the style and nauaces of a new language and achieved fame due to his Urdu poetry.
Mirza -Ghalib is also famous for the beautiful letters that he wrote. He was simple, direct and precise as He creatively described the current social, economic and political situations of the time. His letters were as beautiful and popular as his poetry and are treasured and repeated in literary circles even today. His famous works include a 10 volume collections of poems called ‘Diwan-i-Ghalib’, followed by his letters in ‘Urdu-i-Hindu’ and ‘Urdu-i-mullah’. His famous works of prose include ‘Naam-i-Ghalib’, ‘Latief—Ghalib’ and ‘Daupshe Kawaiyam’. Even though Ghalib spread love, Beauty and Happiness all around, his own life was filled with moments of despair and tragedy. His most beautiful works were written when he was at his lowest ebb – at the loss of a loved adopted child.
He suffered from a drinking problem,financial difficulties as well as pains of old age and finally died at the age of 72 years.
We feel regret at his sad end. But he was always reminding to us as a great poet and fabulous explainer of feelings of Pain and Sorrow.
Andaaz- i - bayaa of Mirza Ghalib
"haiN aur bhee duniya meiN suKHanwar bohot achche
kehte haiN ki 'GHalib' ka hai andaaz-e-bayaaN aur "
"है और भी दुनिया में सुखांवर बोहोत अच्छे,
केहते है कि 'गालिब' का है अंदाज -ए- बयान और"
"bharam khul jaaye zaalim tere qaamat kii daraazii kaa
agar is turraa-e-purapech-o-Kham kaa pech-o-Kham nikale."
"भ्रम खुल जाये जालीम तेरे कयामत के दरासि का,
अगर इस तुर्रा-ए-पुरापचे-ओ-खाम का पेच-ओ-खाम निकले"
"huii jinase tavaqqo Khastagii kii daad paane kii
vo hamase bhii ziyaadaa Khastaa-e-teG-e-sitam nikale."
"हुई जिनसे तावज्जोन खास्तागी कि दाद पाने कि,
वो हुम्से भी ज्यादा खस्ता-ए-तेज-ए-सितम निकले"
"Muhabbat me.n nahii.n hai farq jiine aur marane kaa
usii ko dekh kar jiite hai.n jis kaafir pe dam nikale ."
मुहोबोत में नही है फ़र्क़ जिने और मरने का,
उसी को देख कर जिते है, जिस काफिर पे दम निकले"
"Zara kar jor siine par ki tiir-e-pursitam nikale
jo vo nikle to dil nikale jo dil nikale to dam nikale."
"जरा कर जोर सीने पर के तीर-ए-पुरेस्तम निकले
जो वो निकले तो दिल निकले,
जो दिल निकले तो दम निकले"
"Khudaa ke vaaste pardaa na kaabe se uThaa zaalim
Kahii.n aisaa na ho yaa.N bhii vahii kaafir sanam nikale."
"खुदा के वास्ते परदा न काबे से उठा जालीम,
कहीं ऐसा न हो यहान भी वही काफिर सनम निकले"
"Woh tou hum ko maloom hay jannat kee Haqeeqat lakin,
Dil Kay kush rakhney ko, Ghalib yeah Khayyal accha hay!"
"वोः तौ हम को मालूम है जन्नत कि हकीकत लेकीन,
दिल के कुश रखने को, गालिब ये खयाल अच्छा है!"