Bhaskaracharya A GREAT DISCOVERER (1114 -1183 Before Common Era)

 Sep 14, 2009, 11:44 am IST
Author : Aazad Staff
Bhaskaracharya was a Teacher, a Mathematician and also an Astronomer. He was born in Sahyadri the beutiful Maharastra terrains. He also headed the astronomical observatory in Uajjain that was the learning centre of India.

Bhaskaracharya The Great Mathematician
Bhaskaracharya.A GREAT DISCOVERER (1114 -1183 Before Common Era)

Bhaskaracharya was a born genius and an authority in mathematics, especially in algebra and geometry.

His famous work Lilavati and Bijaganita remain unparalleled works by substantiating his profound intelligence.

His astronomical findings on planetary positions, Occurrences of eclipses and Cosmography written in his treatise titled "Siddhanta Shiromani" [Siddhant Meaning Principle] stun every one. Siddhanta Shirmoani was divided into four parts;  

Lilavati [Quadratic equations, Cubic equations and Quartic Indeterminate equations]
Bijaganita [Algebraic Calculation OR Algebra]
Grahaganita [Astronomical(Graha) Calculations(Ganita)]
Goladhyaya [Spheres OR Spherical Trigonometry]

"Lilavati" is divided into 13 chapters it covers branches of Mathematics, Arithmetic, Algebra, geometry, and a part of Trigonometry and Mensuration.

His work includes

Properties of ZERO '0' the division and operation rules of '0'
The estimation of 'PIE' (22/7;)
His Work on Negative Numbers including Surd's
Arithmetical Terms
Inverse Rule of 'THREE' and of 5, 7, 9, 11

In his book "Surya Siddhant" he wrote on the gravitational force, that helps
to keep the planets, the Sun and the moon in their respective orbits much before the world could even waken and realise to these findings.

"Kuttaka" the Quadratic Indeterminate equations was given by him in 12th Century well before the European mathematicians got it in the 17th Century.

Brahmagupta in the 7th Century, developed an "Astronomical Model" using which Bhaskara was able to define "Astronomical Quantities". He accurately calculated the time that earth took to revolve around the SUN as 365.2588 days that is a difference of 3.5Minutes of modern acceptance of 365.2563 days.

This was much before Leibniz or Newton would come up with Differential or Integral Calculus and to explain the forces of Gravity. He was first to conceive the differential coefficient and differential calculus

Bhaskaracharya was a Teacher, a Mathematician and also an Astronomer. He was born in Sahyadri the beutiful Maharastra terrains. He also headed the astronomical observatory in Uajjain that was the learning centre of India.

His contributions to Astronomy and Mathematics in the 12th Century was very significant as mentioned above.

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Ashoka, Ashoka Chakra, Ashoka Lion.

अशोक महान का पूरा नाम अशोक मौर्य था अशोक का राज्यकाल लगभग २७२-२३२ ईसा पूर्व रहा। सिद्धार्थ गौतम की मानवतावादी शिक्षायो से प्रभावित होकर अशोक जीवन के उत्तरार्ध में बौद्ध हो गये और उन्ही की स्मृति मे उन्होने एक स्तम्भ खड़ा कर दिया जो आज भी नेपाल में उनके जन्मस्थल - लुम्बिनी मे मायादेवी मन्दिर के पास अशोक स्तम्भ के रुप मे देखा जा सकता है। अशोक ने बौद्ध धर्म का प्रचार भारत के अलावा श्रीलंका, अफगानिस्तान ,यूनान ,मिश्र में भी करवाया । अशोक काल में उकेरा गया प्रतीतात्मक चिह्न, जिसे हम 'अशोक चिह्न' के नाम से भी जानते हैं, आज भारत का राष्ट्रीय चिह्न है। बौद्ध धर्म के इतिहास में गौतम बुद्ध के पश्चात् अशोक का ही स्थान आता है।
Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar डॉ॰ भीमराव रामजी अंबेडकर का जन्म १४ अप्रैल १८९१ को हुआ अम्बेडकर एक विश्व स्तर के विधिवेत्ता थे, अम्बेडकर भारतीय सविधान के मुख्य शिल्पकार तथा एक हरिजन राजनीतिक नेता थे । वे बाबासाहेब के नाम से लोकप्रिय हैं।
Gudi Padwa

Gudi Padwa (गुड़ी पड़वा) चैत्र मास के शुक्ल पक्ष में गुड़ी पड़वा का त्यौहार भारत में मनाया जाता हैं । गुड़ी का सही अर्थ 'विजय पताका' होता है। पड़वा शब्द संस्कृत के शब्द प्रतिपदा से आया हैं।

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